Managing Europe's forests

Forest ecosystems fulfil many environmental, economic, social, and cultural functions. Forests may be managed with the goal to strengthen one or more functions.

In the European Union, most forests have been managed or are under active management. Around 80% of all forests are under management plans or equivalent. The planned and implemented management practices are dependent on the forest conditions and the goals of the owner or manager of the forest.

Forest management involves many decisions at different growth stages of a forest.

Major forest management decisions

Decision

Silvicultural operations

Aspects to be considered

No results

Source: modified from Duncker et al. (2012)

The different forest management options reflect decisions under ordinary conditions. However, disturbances (such as storms, wildfires, or pests) and extreme events (such as prolonged droughts) can disrupt the regular management cycle.