Forest species

Many forest species like insects, mammals and reptiles depend on deadwood and old-growth forests, which both are relatively scarce and show significant regional differences. The conservation status of forest bird species are more favourable than the other species.

Status of forest non-bird and bird species in 2018


Common forest birds

The population of common forest bird species is an indicator to the stability of the forest ecosystem. The main pressures for common forest birds are land-use practices, climate change impacts and migration conditions.

The trend in the status of common forest birds in EU27 for 1990-2017.

The reference year 1990 is set to 100


Trend in the status of common forest birds in four European regions

Trends differ for groups of birds and within the group of forest birds. Since 1990, the trend in the status of the common forest birds has been stable, which is better than farmland birds, which have a continuously declining trend.

There are significant spatial differences in the trends of the status of common forest birds in the European regions. In Western, Central and Eastern Europe, the trends are stable while declining in Northern and Southern Europe.

Trend in the status of common forest birds by regions for 1990-2017