Forest species

Many forest species like insects, mammals and reptiles depend on deadwood and old-growth forests, which both are relatively scarce and show significant regional differences. The conservation status of forest bird species are more favourable than the other species.

Status of forest non-bird and bird species in 2018, %

 

Population size trends for species in EU28 in 2028, %

 

Common forest birds

The population of common forest bird species is an indicator to the stability of the forest ecosystem. The main pressures for common forest birds are land-use practices, climate change impacts and migration conditions.

The trend in the status of common forest birds in EU27 for 1990-2017

The reference year 1990 is set to 100

 

Trend in the status of common forest birds in four European regions

Trends differ for groups of birds and within the group of forest birds. Since 1990, the trend in the status of the common forest birds has been stable, which is better than farmland birds, which have a continuously declining trend.

There are significant spatial differences in the trends of the status of common forest birds in the European regions. In Western, Central and Eastern Europe, the trends are stable while declining in Northern and Southern Europe.

Trend in the status of common forest birds by regions for 1990-2017

 

Forest birds

Forest bird species population status in EU28 in 2018, %

Birds are essential components of forest ecosystems. They help disseminate seeds, regulate insect populations, control small-mammal populations, and are food for many species. Birds that are scavengers help decomposition animal and plant material on the forest floor. The cavities constructed by some birds, such as woodpeckers, serve as shelter for other animals.

 

Forest birds species population status in EU28 in 2018, by taxonomic order, %

 

Forest birds species population status in EU28 in 2018, by respective Annex of the Birds Directive, %

Annex I and II of the Birds Directive, birds not in Annex I or II, and all birds grouped by Annex I and II, non-annexe and all taxa

 

Species

Conservation status of species at EU28 in 2018, %

 

Conservation status per species group at the EU28 in 2018, %

 

Conservation status of species for each biogeographical and marine region at EU28 in 2018, %

 

Conservation status trends of species not in good status at EU28 in 2018, %

 

Conservation status trends of species not in good status by taxgroup at EU28 in 2018, %