Carbon stocks and pools
The five main carbon pools in forests are aboveground biomass, belowground biomass, deadwood, litter, and soil.
Forest carbon stocks 1990-2020, M t
Carbon pools forest in 2020, M t
The role of forests for climate change mitigation
Forests play a vital role in regulating carbon dioxide levels in our atmosphere. Forests accumulate and store large amounts of carbon in the trees and in the soil as they remove CO2 from the atmosphere and emit greenhouse gases by harvest, decay, or disturbances.
Forests act as a carbon sink, when the uptake, or removal of carbon from the atmosphere, exceeds the amount of carbon released. Forests are considered sources when they emit more than they remove.