Carbon stocks and pools
The five main carbon pools in forests are aboveground biomass, belowground biomass, deadwood, litter, and soil.
Changes in forest carbon stocks 1990-2020, M tonnes per year
Carbon pools forest in 2020, % of all pools
The role of forests for climate change mitigation
Forests play a vital role in regulating levels of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere. Forests accumulate and store large amounts of carbon in the trees and in the soil as they remove CO2 from the atmosphere but also emit greenhouse gases by harvest, decay, or disturbances.
Forests act as a carbon sink, when the uptake, or removal of carbon from the atmosphere, exceeds the amount of carbon released. Forests are considered sources when they emit more than they remove.
CARBON STORED IN ABOVE-GROUND BIOMASS OF FORESTS IN 2020
923 Mt C stored in above-ground biomass of forests in 2020 (living biomass and deadwood)
CO2-eq FOREST SINK IN 2019
14.94 Mt CO2 equivalent sink in forest in 2019
LULUCF and emissions reporting
Countries annually report their emissions and removals in the national GHG inventories, including the LULUCF (Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry) sector.
Total greenhouse gas emissions 1990-2019, M tonnes CO2-eq per year
LULUCF greenhouse gas emissions (+) and removals (-) since 1990, M tonnes CO2-eq per year
Historically, the LULUCF sector is a net sink with fluctuations over time. The LULUCF historical trend of EU27 is a net sink.
Emissions and removals of CO2-eq from forest land since 1990, M tonnes CO2-eq per year
Forests take up around 4% of the total country emissions.
Harvested wood products
Harvested wood products provide benefits to mitigate climate change impacts. Wood products store carbon for a long time. The use of wood products may substitute the use of more fossil energy-intensive materials such as steel and concrete.
Emissions and removals of CO2-eq from harvested wood products since 1990, M tonnes CO2-eq per year
Harvested wood products are a CO2 sink.