Roundwood removals

Roundwood removals comprise the volume of wood removed from the forest felling site during a defined period.

Roundwood removals over bark (1000m3)


Key indicators for forest economy

Economic activities include the forest-based sector (forestry and logging and the primary processing activities) and the wood-based secondary processing and manufacturing activities.

Employment, turnover, and value-added for the forest and forest-based sector typically refers to economic activities such as forestry and logging, manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, and manufacture of paper and paper products.




A substantial part of the employment, turnover and value added in Europe’s wood-based sector takes place in downstream parts of value chains. Below, a more comprehensive overview is presented of economic indicators for the forest-based sector (forestry and logging and the primary processing activities), as well as wood-based secondary processing and manufacturing activities.

Employment by sector (1000 persons)

The forest-based and downstream processing sectors provided employment to around 80700 people in 2017.


Turnover by sector (M EUR)


Value added (M EUR)


Fellings and net annual increment

The balance between annual felling and net annual increment can be used as an indicator of the wood production sustainability, as an adequate growing stock must be maintained to ensure a continuous provision of wood and non-wood products.

Fellings and increment (1000m3)

Fellings remain on a sustainable level, meaning that fellings do not exceed net annual increment in forests available for wood supply.


Use of wood

To achieve a sustainable utilisation of forest resources it is necessary to ensure the maintenance or increase of productive functions of forests resources.

Whiten a range of products and services generated by forests, wood is highlighted as the main raw material for the Forest Bioeconomy sector. Wood is a versatile material used in different industries. Sawmill, panel, pulp, pellet, and energy are some of the traditional industries of the Forest sector.

Share of wood use for materials and energy in 2020 (%)

The biggest wood processing industry for material use is the sawmill and panel industries. Whilst 54% of the domestically produced and imported woody biomass is used to produce energy.


Changes in wood use, 2010 - 2019 (1000 m3 under bark)


Note: [2] SWE is solid wood equivalent

Non-wood forest products

Forests provide many types of products, which include a wide variety of non-wood forest products (NWFP) such as berries, mushrooms, aromatic and decorative plant material, saps and resins, nuts, honey and wild meat. Their economic and social importance is considerable but available data on NWFP are mostly incomplete and difficult to compare.

Main non-wood forest products in 2015 (in M EUR)

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Source: FOREST EUROPE pan-European dataset provided by FAO, UNECE and FOREST EUROPE

Values of marketed NWFPare only reported for other plant products and wild meat according to Forest Europe, adding up to over 3 M EUR in 2015.